# PHYSICS         #441(H), 443 (A)                                           1.00 credit

Physics is the most basic of sciences. It is the study of the physical world, the interrelationship between matter and energy. Topics included in the study of Physics include the theoretical and experimental study of motion and forces, friction and momentum, fluid dynamics, thermodynamics and heat, wave motion, sound, light and optics, electromagnetism and modern physics. An integral part of the course is extensive laboratory experiments with a variety of equipment, from simple to highly technological. Students are expected to mathematically analyze physical phenomena and apply the laws of physics. Students will work with scientific concepts by analyzing data, solving problems, group work and discussion and extensive applications of math and writing.

Throughout the course students work in cooperatively to investigate physical phenomena, collect and analyze data and draw conclusions. Students also apply physics to real world situations, and use their experiences to make decisions. All students who plan any type of scientific, medical or engineering career should complete a high school physics course.

Honors students are expected to complete extensive projects, be independently motivated, and have high-level math ability.

Prerequisites:

C or better in Algebra I, completion of Geometry

completion or concurrent enrollment in Chemistry

441 (Honors)

B or better in Algebra I, completion of Algebra II.

C or better in Chemistry

Science Department recommendation

 Beginning Curriculum Map Subject: PHYSICS Grade: 11-12     2005-2006Year: August/September October Essential Questions How do we analyze moving objects? What makes a good observation, measurement and experiment in physics? Should I speed up or slow down at a yellow light? How can physics be used to analyze motion and traffic? Content -Properties and measurement -Graphing -Graphing of motion -Distance and Velocity -One Dimensional Acceleration (Kinematics) - Relative Motion Objectives -use measuring devices and senses to observe and record physical properties of matter -Develop an understanding of the measurements and units used in physics -Design and conduct a good physics experiment. -Use distance time and velocity time graphs to analyze moving objects -Be able to explain speed (velocity), time, and acceleration. -continue using math, measurement, observation and experimentation skills to analyze moving objects. -use computer assisted technology to analyze moving objects. -develop the relationships between the variables involved in moving objects. -use algebraic equations to solve simple one dimensional motion word problems. -use physics to make predictions about accelerated objects. -use research skills and algebra to apply knowledge of accelerated motion to a real life situation. -determine what factors affect the acceleration due to gravity. Instructional Strategies/ Activities -gyroscope investigation -science sleuth day at the races -moving on down car lab (open ended) -stump the teacher, design own unit activities -graphing motion lab with graphing calculators. -graphing motion activities -Interactive Physics with accelerated motion -Rolling Down ramp lab with “Where Will They Collide?” and “Half The Trip” components. - Determination of g gravity lab. (open ended) - word problem group activities -Yellow Light Project -Long Term Traffic Study Assessment Types -moving on down car lab (schoolwide rubric) -group lab activities -essay on speed in life (schoolwide rubric) -quizzes and tests -labs, including g lab (schoolwide rubric) -word problems -Yellow Light Project -essay on traffic (schoolwide rubric) -test Science Inquiry  Skills ALL (numeracy, experimentation, measurement, communication, society) ALL (numeracy, experimentation, measurement, communication, society) Interdisciplinary Connections MATH MATH SOCIAL STUDIES

 Beginning Curriculum Map Subject: PHYSICS Grade: 11-12      Year: 2005-2006 November December Essential Questions Why is all motion relative? How can we analyze two dimensional motion? How can I use physics to shoot a dart gun at my teacher? What makes things move? What are the fundamental forces? How do Newton’s Laws predict the behavior of moving objects? How do other forces (air resistance/friction) affect moving objects? (dynamics) Content -Relative Motion -Special Relativity -Vectors -Projectile Motion -Forces -Newton’s Laws -Air Resistance/Friction Objectives 1. continue using math, measurement, observation and experimentation skills to analyze moving objects. 2. use computer assisted technology to analyze moving objects. 3. use the concepts of relative motion. 4.  be able to explain the consequences of special relativity for moving objects. 5. use vectors to analyze 2 dimensional motion. 6. determine the results of projectile motion using x and y sets of kinematic equations. 1. continue using math, measurement, observation and experimentation skills to analyze moving objects. 2. use computer assisted technology to analyze moving objects. 3. explain the fundamental forces in the universe. 4. use Newton’s Laws to explain the relationship between force, mass and acceleration. 5.  be able to predict the results of air resistance (terminal velocity) 6. find out what factors affect friction 7. use physics to analyze Santa Claus Instructional Strategies/ Activities -Relative Motion on Interactive Physics -Special Relativity Movies and Readings. -Vector Mapping Lab and Class Races. -Projectile Lab (Ball off a Table), using 2D. -Dart Gun Lab “The Firing Squad” -vector movie -Three sets of word problems and group sheets -movie/reading on fundamental field forces. -Newton’s Laws Investigation -Terminal Velocity Lab (interactive physics and real (coffee filters/balloons) ). -Determination of Friction Lab -Three sets of word problems and group sheets. -Physics of Santa activity Assessment Types -Group Labs (Vector, relative, Projectile) -Individual Lab “Firing Squad” (schoolwide rubric) -Homework checks quiz and test -Homework and group class work. -Group Labs -Individual Labs (Friction) (schoolwide rubric) -Quiz Science Inquiry Skills ALL (numeracy, experimentation, measurement, communication, society) ALL (numeracy, experimentation, measurement, communication, society) Interdisciplinary Connections MATH MATH

 Beginning Curriculum Map Subject: PHYSICS Grade: 11-12      Year: 2005-2006 January February Essential Questions How can physics be used to analyze traffic collisions? How much energy does my life use in a week? Should we use simple machines? How are mechanical energy transformations analyzed and how do they affect your life? Content Forces (continued) Conservation of Momentum Collisions -Energy -Work and Mechanical Advantage -Simple and Complex Machines -Mechanical Energy Objectives 1. continue using math, measurement, observation and experimentation skills to analyze moving objects. 2. use computer assisted technology to analyze moving objects. 3. determine all the forces and properties, including momentum, on a moving object. 4. use the principle of conservation of momentum in elastic and inelastic collisions. 5. determine all the factors involved in common collisions, and use physics to evaluate. 1. describe how energy is transformed and conserved in everyday life and technology. 2. explain the use of machines to gain mechanical advantage and in assisting society. 3. analyze the transformations of mechanical energy (kinetic, gravitational and elastic) in moving objects. 4. relate the different types of energy and how they are measured. Instructional Strategies/ Activities -conservation of momentum lab. -pool game activity -collision of cars activity -police/traffic investigation -videodisc science sleuth traffic accident -energy transformations in society discussion, video and activity. -simple and complex machines lab -word problems on mechanical energy and work. -science sleuths collapsing bleachers, moving monuments. -energy of bouncing ball lab, energy of elastic ball lab -Energy in Life Project -Rube Goldberg competition and videos Assessment Types -one set of word problems -traffic study (pt 2) -group labs -test - group labs -two sets of word problems -use of complex machines in society essay (schoolwide rubric) -test Science Inquiry Skills ALL (numeracy, experimentation, measurement, communication, society ALL (numeracy, experimentation, measurement, communication, society) Interdisciplinary Connections MATH SOCIAL STUDIES MATH TECH ED SOCIAL STUDIES ART

 Beginning Curriculum Map Subject: PHYSICS Grade: 11-12      Year: 2005-2006 March April Essential Questions How much energy does my life use in one week? How are energy transformations analyzed and how do they affect your life? How do we get and use electricity? How do we get and use heat? How is fluid pressure like energy? How can we use physics to make things fly? How do we analyze simple harmonic oscillators and wave motion, and how can they be useful? Content -Energy transformations (cont) -Electricity, electric generation, circuits -Heat and thermodynamics -Pressure and density -Bernouilli’s Principle and flight -Simple harmonic oscillators -Wave Motion Objectives 1. analyze energy transformations in electricity and heat. 2. explain basic concepts of power, current, voltage, resistance in electrical circuits and relate it to mechanical energy. 3. describe the energy transformations needed to generate electricity for our devices. 4. analyze series and parallel circuits. 5. explain the concepts of heat transfer 6. relate the laws of thermodynamics and work 1. explain the units and measurements of pressure and density. 2. describe how Bernouilli’s Principle is a restatement of the conservation of energy. 3. use fluid pressure principles to analyze flight ---------------------------- 4. describe and analyze the behavior of simple harmonic oscillator systems, such as pendulums and springs. 5. describe the property of waves Instructional Strategies/ Activities -electrical investigations online -science sleuth energy mystery house -electric generator/motor demo/lab -electric circuit lab -Energy to take a shower activity -Energy in Life Project -Heat and Work Lab (specific heat) -Newton’s Law of Cooling Lab -science sleuth burning barn -pressure investigation with water and bottles. -pressure word problems and conceptual questions. -videos and notes on flight. -paper airplane contest. -lab with pendulum and spring -wave motion problems. -wave tank labs. Assessment Types -essay on energy use in life (school-wide rubric) -group labs (electric, heat) -Individual lab: Heat Cooling (School-wide rubric) -Conceptual question sets (three) on heat -electric word problems -Energy in Life Project, and discussion/forum -Test -group labs -word problem sets -individual lab  (school-wide rubric) -test Science Inquiry Skills ALL (numeracy, experimentation, measurement, communication, society) ALL (numeracy, experimentation, measurement, communication, society) Interdisciplinary Connections MATH HEALTH SOCIAL STUDIES MATH TECH ED

 Beginning Curriculum Map Subject: PHYSICS Grade: 11-12      Year: 2005-2006 May June Essential Questions How can we build better rides at an amusement park? How are all types of waves related? How do sound waves make music? What causes us to see the things we do? Content -Circular Motion -Sound Waves -Music -Light production -color -reflection and refraction -polarization Objectives 1. relate motion, waves and circular motion with frequency, period and wavelength. 2. use principles of physics in designing and analyzing amusement park rides. 3. explain the cause of different sounds. 4. describe and predict music 1. explain how light is produced and perceived 2. describe applications of color addition and subtraction 3. use the principles of reflection and refraction to analyze light. Instructional Strategies/ Activities -circular motion investigation -design roller coaster lab -Lake Compounce Amusement Park Field trip -circular motion word problems -sound wave notes -computer analysis of sound activity. -resonance sound lab -musical instrument study --science sleuths noises in school -Light notes -Color/Spectra Lab -Dark Suckers -Mirror/Lenses Lab -Group Laser Challenge - science sleuth fogged filters Assessment Types -group labs -design process worksheets -word problem and classwork checks -quiz (circular) -group labs -conceptual question sheets -essay on application of light and sound waves (school-wide rubric) -Test Science Inquiry Skills ALL (numeracy, experimentation, measurement, communication, society) ALL (numeracy, experimentation, measurement, communication, society) Interdisciplinary Connections MATH MUSIC MATH ART

 OBJECTIVES CORRESPONDING CT FRAMEWORKS RECOMMENDED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT TOOL TIMELINES RESOURCES 1. use measuring devices and senses to observe and record physical properties of matter 2. Develop an understanding of the measurements and units used in physics 3. Design and conduct a good physics experiment.     4. Use distance time and velocity time graphs to analyze moving objects 5. Be able to explain speed (velocity), time, and acceleration. 1. gyroscope investigation 2. science sleuth day at the races 3. moving on down car lab (open ended) 4. stump the teacher, design own unit activities           1. graphing motion lab with graphing calculators. 2. graphing motion activities moving on down car lab (school-wide rubric) -group lab activities -essay on speed in life (school-wide rubric) -quizzes and tests 2 weeks                           2 weeks lab equipment videodisc computers labpros measuring tools teacher made labs and sheets               lab equipment videodisc computers labpros measuring tools teacher made labs and sheets

PHYSICS CURRICULUM TEMPLATE

Essential Questions: How do we analyze moving objects?

What makes a good observation, measurement and experiment in physics?

PHYSICS CURRICULUM

Essential Questions: Should I speed up or slow down at a yellow light?

How can physics be used to analyze motion and traffic?

 OBJECTIVES CORRESPONDING CT FRAMEWORKS RECOMMENDED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT TOOL TIMELINES RESOURCES 1. continue using math, measurement, observation and experimentation skills to analyze moving objects. 2. use computer assisted technology to analyze moving objects. 3. develop the relationships between the variables involved in moving objects. 4. use algebraic equations to solve simple one dimensional motion word problems. 5. use physics to make predictions about accelerated objects. 6. use research skills and algebra to apply knowledge of accelerated motion to a real life situation. 7. determine what factors affect the acceleration due to gravity -Interactive Physics with accelerated motion -Rolling Down ramp lab with “Where Will They Collide?” and “Half The Trip” components. - Determination of g gravity lab. (open ended) - word problem group activities -Yellow Light Project -Long Term Traffic Study labs, including g lab (school-wide rubric) -word problems -Yellow Light Project -essay on traffic (school-wide rubric) -test 4 weeks lab equipment videodisc computers labpros measuring tools teacher made labs and sheets

PHYSICS CURRICULUM

Essential Questions: Why is all motion relative?

How can we analyze two dimensional motion?

 OBJECTIVES CORRESPONDING CT FRAMEWORKS RECOMMENDED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT TOOL TIMELINES RESOURCES 1. continue using math, measurement, observation and experimentation skills to analyze moving objects. 2. use computer assisted technology to analyze moving objects. 3. use the concepts of relative motion. 4.  be able to explain the consequences of special relativity for moving objects. 5. use vectors to analyze 2 dimensional motion. 6. determine the results of projectile motion using x and y sets of kinematic equations. Relative Motion on Interactive Physics -Special Relativity Movies and Readings. -Vector Mapping Lab and Class Races. -Projectile Lab (Ball off a Table), using 2D. -Dart Gun Lab “The Firing Squad” -vector movie -Three sets of word problems and group sheets -Group Labs (Vector, relative, Projectile) -Individual Lab “Firing Squad” (schoolwide rubric) -Homework checks quiz and test 4 weeks lab equipment videodisc computers labpros measuring tools teacher made labs and sheets

PHYSICS CURRICULUM

 OBJECTIVES CORRESPONDING CT FRAMEWORKS RECOMMENDED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT TOOL TIMELINES RESOURCES 1. continue using math, measurement, observation and experimentation skills to analyze moving objects. 2. use computer assisted technology to analyze moving objects. 3. explain the fundamental forces in the universe. 4. use Newton’s Laws to explain the relationship between force, mass and acceleration. 5.  be able to predict the results of air resistance (terminal velocity) 6. find out what factors affect friction 7. use physics to analyze Santa Claus -movie/reading on fundamental field forces. -Newton’s Laws Investigation -Terminal Velocity Lab (interactive physics and real (coffee filters/balloons) ). -Determination of Friction Lab -Three sets of word problems and group sheets. -Physics of Santa activity -Homework and group class work. -Group Labs -Individual Labs (Friction) (schoolwide rubric) -Quiz 3 weeks lab equipment videodisc computers labpros measuring tools teacher made labs and sheets

PHYSICS CURRICULUM

Essential Question: How can physics be used to analyze traffic collisions?

 OBJECTIVES CORRESPONDING CT FRAMEWORKS RECOMMENDED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT TOOL TIMELINES RESOURCES 1. continue using math, measurement, observation and experimentation skills to analyze moving objects. 2. use computer assisted technology to analyze moving objects. 3. determine all the forces and properties, including momentum, on a moving object. 4. use the principle of conservation of momentum in elastic and inelastic collisions. 5. determine all the factors involved in common collisions, and use physics to evaluate. -conservation of momentum lab. -pool game activity -collision of cars activity -police/traffic investigation -videodisc science sleuth traffic accident -one set of word problems -traffic study (pt 2) -group labs -test       MIDTERM EXAM: Motion, Forces 3 weeks lab equipment videodisc computers labpros measuring tools teacher made labs and sheets

PHYSICS CURRICULUM

Essential Questions: How much energy does my life use in a week?

Should we use simple machines?

How are mechanical energy transformations analyzed and how do they affect your life?

 OBJECTIVES CORRESPONDING CT FRAMEWORKS RECOMMENDED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT TOOL TIMELINES RESOURCE 1. describe how energy is transformed and conserved in everyday life and technology. 2. explain the use of machines to gain mechanical advantage and in assisting society. 3. analyze the transformations of mechanical energy (kinetic, gravitational and elastic) in moving objects. 4. relate the different types of energy and how they are measured. 1. energy transformations in society discussion, video and activity. 2. simple and complex machines lab 3. word problems on mechanical energy and work. 4. science sleuths collapsing bleachers, moving monuments. 5. energy of bouncing ball lab, energy of elastic ball lab 6. Energy in Life Project 7.Rube Goldberg competition and videos - group labs -two sets of word problems -use of complex machines in society essay (school-wide rubric) -test 3 weeks lab equipment videodisc computers labpros measuring tools teacher made labs and sheets

PHYSICS CURRICULUM

Essential Questions: How much energy does my life use in one week?

How are energy transformations analyzed and how do they affect your life?

How do we get and use electricity?

How do we get and use heat?

 OBJECTIVES CORRESPONDING CT FRAMEWORKS RECOMMENDED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT TOOL TIMELINES RESOURCES 1. analyze energy transformations in electricity and heat. 2. explain basic concepts of power, current, voltage, resistance in electrical circuits and relate it to mechanical energy. 3. describe the energy transformations needed to generate electricity for our devices. 4. analyze series and parallel circuits. 5. explain the concepts of heat transfer 6. relate the laws of thermodynamics and work electrical investigations online -science sleuth energy mystery house -electric generator/motor demo/lab -electric circuit lab -Energy to take a shower activity -Energy in Life Project -Heat and Work Lab (specific heat) -Newtons Law of Cooling Lab -science sleuth burning barn -essay on energy use in life (schoolwide rubric) -group labs (electric, heat) -Individual lab: Heat Cooling (Schoolwide rubric) -Conceptual question sets (three) on heat -electric word problems -Energy in Life Project, and discussion/forum -Test 4 weeks lab equipment videodisc computers labpros measuring tools teacher made labs and sheets

PHYSICS CURRICULUM

Essential Questions:  How is fluid pressure like energy?

How can we use physics to make things fly?

How do we analyze simple harmonic oscillators and wave motion, and how can they be                                       useful?

 OBJECTIVES CORRESPONDING CT FRAMEWORKS RECOMMENDED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT TOOL TIMELINES RESOURCES 1. explain the units and measurements of pressure and density. 2. describe how Bernouilli’s Principle is a restatement of the conservation of energy. 3. use fluid pressure principles to analyze flight         -------------------- 1. describe and analyze the behavior of simple harmonic oscillator systems, such as pendulums and springs. 2. describe the property of waves 1. pressure investigation with water and bottles. 2.pressure word problems and conceptual questions. 3. videos and notes on flight. 4. paper airplane contest         ------------------ 1. sho lab with pendulum and spring 2. wave motion problems. 3. wave tank labs. -group labs -word problem sets -test                         -word problem sets -test -individual lab (sho) (schoolwide rubric) 2 weeks                               2 weeks lab equipment videodisc computers labpros measuring tools teacher made labs and sheets

PHYSICS CURRICULUM

Essential Questions: How can we build better rides at an amusement park?

How are all types of waves related?

How do sound waves make music?

 OBJECTIVES CORRESPONDING CT FRAMEWORKS RECOMMENDED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT TOOL TIMELINES RESOURCES 1. relate sho motion, waves and circular motion with frequency, period and wavelength. 2. use principles of physics in designing and analyzing amusement park rides.   ---------------   1. explain the cause of different sounds. 2. describe and predict music -circular motion investigation -design roller coaster lab -Lake Compounce Amusement Park Field trip -circular motion word problems         ------------   -sound wave notes -computer analysis of sound activity. -resonance sound lab -musical instrument study --science sleuths noises in school -group labs -design process worksheets -word problem and classwork checks -quiz (circular)         -group labs -word problem and classwork checks -quiz (sound) lab equipment videodisc computers labpros measuring tools teacher made labs and sheets

PHYSICS CURRICULUM

Essential Questions: What causes us to see the things we do?

 OBJECTIVES CORRESPONDING CT FRAMEWORKS RECOMMENDED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ASSESSMENT TOOL TIMELINES RESOURCES 1. explain how light is produced and perceived 2. describe applications of color addition and subtraction 3. use the principles of reflection and refraction to analyze light. -Light notes -Color/Spectra Lab -DarkSuckers -Mirror/Lenses Lab -Group Laser Challenge - science sleuth fogged filters -group labs -conceptual question sheets -essay on application of light and sound waves (schoolwide rubric) -Test       FINAL EXAM (Energy, Waves) 2 weeks lab equipment videodisc computers labpros measuring tools teacher made labs and sheets